types of cancer
special problem


  • Every day in the UK, seven young people aged 13 to 24 are told they have cancer.
  • Cancer is the number one cause of non-accidental death in young adults in the UK
  • One in 312 males and one in 361 females will get cancer before they are 20.
  • Boys up to the age of 15 have a one in 450 chance of developing cancer, rising to one in 208 by the time they reach 24. Girls up to the age of 15 have a one in 517 chance of developing cancer, rising to one in 239 by the time they reach 24.
  • Different cancers predominate at different ages: leukaemia, lymphomas and brain tumours in 13 to18 year-olds, and lymphomas, carcinomas (soft tissue cancers) and germ cell tumours (e.g. testicular cancer) in 19 to 24 year-olds.
  • Incidence rates are now higher in 13 to 24 year-olds than in children, yet survival rates for this age group have not improved as much.
  • Nearly three-quarters of British teenagers and young adults who develop cancer now survive cancer. The greatest increase in survival rates is for leukaemia, which has risen by over 20% over the last 20 years. But survival rates for brain tumours, bone cancers and soft tissue cancers have not changed much since the 1980s.
  • Young people get some of the most aggressive cancers. But because only 0.5% of all cancers occur in young people, they are often misdiagnosed initially. This decreases their chances of survival and can mean they are excluded from clinical trials.

Office for National Statistics.

Never doubt the value of research.
It is because of research that cancer survival rates continue to increase.