Affects: The testicles and the lymph nodes (found in the abdomen)
Most common symptom: Terratomas in teenagers
Causes: A painless lump or swelling in the testicles
Tests: Ultrasounds & blood tests
Treatment: Surgery (the main one) & chemotherapy
The two main types of testicular cancer are teratomas and seminomas; teratomas tend to affect younger men. The symptoms include a painless lump or swelling in the testicles. The tests that are used to diagnose it are ultrasound and blood tests. The cause is unknown. The main treatment is surgery but chemotherapy may also be given.